Insured losses from natural catastrophes break through USD 100 billion threshold again in 2022

29 March 2023 — Andrei Victor
Natural disasters resulted in global economic losses totaled USD275billion in 2022, of which USD125billion were covered by insurance, according to Swiss Re.

"With Hurricane Ian in Florida, record breaking losses from hailstorms in France, floods in Australia and South Africa, winter storms in Europe and the US as well as droughts in Europe, China and the Americas, 2022 was the second consecutive year in which insured losses from natural catastrophes exceeded the USD 100 billion mark. This reaffirms the trend of a 5-7% average annual increase in insured losses over the past three decades, reveals Swiss Re's latest sigma report", affirmed the reinsurer representatives.

With natural disasters continuing to wreak property damage across the world, the demand for coverage has grown.

At the same time, inflation has surged over the last two years, averaging 7% in advanced economies and 9% in emerging economies in 2022. The effect of high prices has been to increase the nominal value of buildings, vehicles and other insurable assets, thus pushing up insurance claims for damage caused by natural catastrophes.

Insured losses were largely driven by Hurricane Ian, by far the year's costliest event. Making landfall in Florida in September as a category 4 storm, Ian resulted in estimated insured losses of USD 50-65 billion. After Hurricane Katrina in 2005, Ian ranks as the second-costliest natural catastrophe insured loss event on sigma records.

In February 2022, a cluster of storms (Eunice, Dudley, Franklin) in north-western Europe triggered combined insured losses of over USD 4 billion, bringing the total for this category to almost double the previous 10-year average. Meanwhile, France saw the highest ever annual loss (USD 5 billion) from hailstorms.

Global losses from floods were above average, the main event being flooding in eastern Australia in February-March 2022. This resulted in insured losses of USD 4.3 billion, the biggest natural catastrophe claims event ever in Australia.

On the opposite end of the rainfall spectrum, weather variability and anomalous atmospheric circulation conditions contributed to severe droughts and record-breaking heatwaves across the world. In Brazil, crop yields, particularly soybean and corn, suffered most, resulting in insured losses of USD 1 billion.

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