"Notwithstanding a challenging year of natural catastrophes, the invasion of Ukraine, inflation, and other geopolitical factors, this marks a 0.8% improvement on 2021 and the strongest combined ratio since 2015".
As a result of rising interest rates, Lloyd's reported an overall loss of GBP 1.8 billion (HY 2021: GBP 1.4 billion profit) driven by a net investment loss of GBP 3.1 billion (HY 2021: GBP 0.6 billion income) from unrealised mark-to-market losses. As investment maturities are short dated, the market will begin to benefit from higher interest rates in 2023 and therefore improved investment returns.
The attritional loss ratio improved to 48.9% (HY 2021: 50.5%), while the expense ratio showed a 0.4 percentage point improvement at 35.4% (HY 2021: 35.8%). Lloyd's expects expenses to continue falling as it delivers sustainable performance and invests in digitalization through its Blueprint Two programme to drive improved efficiency.
Lloyd's also leveraged favorable trading conditions to achieve premium growth, with Gross Written Premium (GWP) increasing 17.4% to GBP 24 billion (HY 2021: GBP 20.5 billion) and Net Earned Premium (NEP) increasing by 14.4% to GBP 14.1 billion (HY 2021: GBP 12.4 billion). Continuing the trend of five consecutive years of positive rate movement, prices increased by 7.7%.
Lloyd's continued to help global customers make more confident decisions in the face of unforeseen events. In line with the early and realistic action taken on COVID-19, the market has reserved GBP 1.1 billion net of reinsurance for customers impacted by the conflict in Ukraine. Lloyd's continues to work with governments and regulators around the world to deliver sanctions against Russia, while implementing the landmark facility announced by our market in July to insure ships recovering grain from Ukraine's ports.
Lloyd's capital and solvency positions remain strong with net resources at GBP 36.5 billion (FY 2021: (GBP 36.6 billion), underlining the exceptional strength and resilience of Lloyd's balance sheet. The central solvency and market solvency ratios, of 395% and 179% respectively (FY 2021: 388% and 177%), point to Lloyd's ability to continue supporting customers through uncertainty and challenging conditions.