Read the full report here: How are leading companies managing today's political risks? (PDF 5.4 MB)
The industry respondents were chosen from services (46%), manufacturing (27%) and extractive industries (27%). More than two thirds (71%) of these corporations operate with revenues exceeding USD 1 billion annually. More than half (57%) of the respondents were working in senior management, risk management or finance.
The Middle East was ranked on the top of corporate concern about political risk regions (70% financial exposure), followed by Africa (66%), South America (63%), Asia-Pacific (62%), Russia/CIS (46%), Europe (36%) and North America (31%).
The greatest concerns by types of political risks came from "trade sanctions or import/export embargo" (31%). The other types of political risks considered were "political violence or forced abandonment" (22%), "currency transfer restrictions or inconvertibility" (17%), "expropriation or creeping expropriation" (14%) and "sovereign non-payment" (9%). A trade war involving China, the threat of Brexit and sanctions against Russia, Iran and Venezuela were reported as big concerns by respondents.
Concerns about political violence were the highest in Africa (74%) and the Middle East (71%), with respondents reporting that new technologies such as drone strikes could exacerbate such risks.
2019 also saw an increase in the proportion of companies reporting that they had experienced political risk losses (68%), according to the research. About 54% of respondents had experienced a loss due to political violence, compared to 48% in 2018. About 46% reported losses due to trade sanctions or import/export embargoes in 2019, compared to 40% in 2018. 32% of companies with revenues exceeding USD 1 billion reported previous experience of a catastrophic (more than USD 250 million) political risk loss.
- Political violence or forced abandonment: 54% (+6 pp.)
- Currency transfer restrictions or inconvertibility: 50% (-8 pp.)
- Trade sanctions or import/export embargo: 46% (+6 pp.)
- Expropriation or creeping expropriation: 29% (+4 pp.)
- Sovereign non-payment: 7% (-11 pp.)
Paul DAVIDSON, chair, Financial Solutions, Willis Towers Watson, noted that the political risk continued to increase in 2019, with the financial losses related to them being on the rise:
"Corporations now face a strategic choice: to either maintain their global business models while accepting, mitigating or transferring the political risks associated with them, or attempt to realign themselves with the emerging shape of a new and apparently more nationalist global landscape."
The vast majority of respondents (71%) stated that emphasis on political risk management at their company had increased since 2018, and nearly 40% felt they were facing more pressure from investors regarding political risk management. The survey found that recent developments, such as the China-U.S. rivalry and the sanctions that have arisen as a result, have made political risk more tangible.
The overall impression from this year's study was of internationalized companies caught up in nationalist politics. "Conflicts between Israel and Palestine create a complex operating environment because we serve both constituents," noted a manufacturing sector panellist. Other challenges are newer, and more fundamental to global supply chains: "Both China and the US are major clients/consumers for us," an oil and gas panellist lamented. In a similar vein, a mining sector panellist said: "The biggest problem is US-China trade war. Supply chains oriented towards China will suffer. 'Made in China' could cause you problems."
You can read the full report from WTW, here:
How are leading companies managing today's political risks? (PDF 5.4 MB)