The market environment for reinsurers remains promising but faces heightened uncertainty, Munich Re said at Monte Carlo. In the period 2023–2025, the global reinsurance market is expected to see a slight uptick in real average annual growth, somewhat below 2020–2022 levels. Future growth is anticipated to be highest in Asia-Pacific and Latin America.
According to data from AM Best and Guy Carpenter, reinsurance capital, after declining last year, is predicted to rise again to USD 461 billion in 2023 (2022: USD 434 billion, adjusted for equity effects from higher interest rates). Reinsurance capital is an indicator for available reinsurance capacity. The market for alternative risk transfer has remained roughly unchanged with the volume of capital invested totaling around USD 100 billion. Within this market, there has been a further clear shift towards cat bonds.
It remains particularly important for insurers and reinsurers to be accurate in their estimates of how inflation will develop. In the case of 2021 and 2022, inflation was almost twice as high as expected. Inflation has now started to fall again. However, average consumer price inflation in industrialized countries is likely to still be above central banks’ targets of around 2% in the coming years, even in the baseline scenario, and thus well above the inflation rates seen in previous years. The uncertainty involved is considerable – appreciably higher inflation rates are a much more likely risk scenario than lower, less pronounced price increases.
At the same time, many risks are changing, a case in point being natural hazards. Severe thunderstorms with tornadoes and hail in the US caused losses amounting to USD 35 billion in the first half of 2023, of which USD 25 billion were insured. These orders of magnitude are similar to those expected from a major hurricane and have practically become the norm rather than the exception. A large body of scientific research indicates that climate change is increasing the frequency of severe thunderstorms. Market loss data shows an upward trend in losses from such events, including in Europe, and from other non-peak perils such as wildfires and flash floods in many regions around the world.
“Given the dynamic development of the market environment and how the risk landscape is evolving, we will need to increase our investments to ensure and expand (re)insurability,” explains Thomas Blunck.
Areas of investment include:
- Expanding risk modelling and high-definition models to better reflect increasing risks from natural hazards.
- Stepping up resources and expertise in innovative and complex covers for all types of climate-friendly energy technology. Key growth areas here are classic construction and operational covers for renewable energy and grids.
- Greater utilization of data and technology is a future trend for insurers and reinsurers alike. In this field, Munich Re is investing in expertise in the application of artificial intelligence (generative AI).
Stefan GOLLING, the Board of Management member responsible for Global Clients and North America, provides four examples that demonstrate how fundamentally important risk and underwriting expertise is for Munich Re:
- Natural catastrophes: Natural catastrophes are one of Munich Re’s largest loss scenarios. A deep understanding of the risk landscape and how it is changing – for example, rising exposure values and the effects of climate change – is paramount to offering extensive underwriting capacity. Despite very high market losses, Munich Re’s loss ratio has been exactly on target over the past five years – writing natural catastrophe business has thus added value for Munich Re overall.
- Social inflation in the US: In the US in particular, the amount of damages awarded in court has risen significantly. According to data from consultancy firm Marathon Strategies, the sum of so-called “corporate nuclear verdicts” with jury awards above USD 10 million was around USD 18.3 billion in 2022. After a considerable decline in 2020 and 2021, it now stands at more than triple the 2015 figure. This poses a huge challenge for long-tail liability covers. Limit management, proactive loss management and investment in data and analytical capabilities to identify loss trends at an early stage will help to overcome this challenge.
- Political risks have risen sharply in recent years. Social imbalances, populist and nationalist tendencies, and economic disruption caused by the COVID-19 pandemic have led to a significant rise in unrest in many parts of the world. In industrialized countries especially, the resultant losses are often covered by property insurers. Transparent policy wording, appropriate sublimits and clearly defined loss events are the key to such local events remaining insurable – in contrast to uninsurable accumulations from war, warlike acts or nuclear terrorist attacks.
- Cyber: Economic losses from cyber attacks are estimated to triple to USD 24 trillion by 2027 compared to the 2022 baseline. For companies, having the option to insure themselves against cyber risks and increase their protection is becoming increasingly relevant. The cyber insurance market is expected to grow two-and-a-half fold by 2027, by which time premiums are expected to reach around USD 33 billion. Munich Re is the leading provider of cyber (re)insurance and is firmly committed to facilitating a sustainable and profitable cyber insurance market. Uninsurable risks, such as attacks on critical infrastructure and cyber warfare, will continue to be explicitly excluded from the coverage Munich Re provides.
“Expert and highly disciplined underwriting is the backbone of Munich Re’s identity. We routinely adapt our rates and conditions to the changing environment, exclude systemic risks and develop solutions for new challenges. This approach ensures that we can maintain – and wherever possible even strengthen – our position as a risk carrier while sustaining profitable growth. Clients can count on us, especially in uncertain times,” GOLLING said.
Thomas BLUNCK, Member of the Board of Management, concluded: “Uncertainties caused by inflation, potential impacts from geopolitical risks, deglobalization and dynamic risks such as climate change and cyber risks are some examples as to why the market environment remains complex. Particularly in difficult times such as these, we are a financially strong partner who our clients can always count on to provide a high level of risk expertise and solutions that add value. With the right rates and conditions, we’re ready to further increase our capacity”.