POLL: What do Romanians think about climate change, recycling, and home insurance?

11 November 2021 — Cristian SUCA
Half of Romanians see climate change as a natural phenomenon, not a man-made one, according to a survey of more than 3,200 respondents conducted as part of the APPA (the Association for the Promotion of Insurance)'s "Home Insurance Month" campaign. According to the same survey, 1 in 2 are willing to reduce their electricity consumption and 4 in 10 are very willing to reduce their heating consumption to help fight climate change.

About climate change

Most participants in the survey conducted as part of the Home Insurance Month campaign believe in the reality of climate change, but there are differences of perception as to what causes it. Nearly 53% of the survey participants believe that climate change is natural, not man-made. Of these, a third think we should not worry about it, while two thirds are somewhat worried: 25% of those who see climate change as a natural phenomenon think we should worry a lot about it, while 42% think we should worry a little.

Of the nearly 46% of respondents who believe that climate change is man-made, more than two-thirds (72%) believe that its occurrence and existence should worry us greatly.

More than half of respondents (55%) say they are somewhat informed about the causes of climate change, whereas 22% think they are very well informed and 17% - only to a small extent. Only 6% of respondents said that they do not feel at all informed about the cause of climate change.

39% of respondents trust what scientists say about climate change to a very great extent, and 44% only to some extent. At the same time, 10% trust what scientists say only a little, 4% - not at all, and 3% cannot judge or do not know.

On recycling and environmental protection

Asked whether they choose to collect their rubbish selectively, a total of 82% of respondents said they do so: 48% every time, with all waste, while another 34% selectively collect only certain items, such as PET or paper. 13% do not do so because they are convinced that the waste is not selectively collected further.

For almost 37% of the survey participants, the fact that a product is made from recycled materials matters to a great extent, and for 42% - to some extent.

When it comes to protecting the environment, there are certain changes each of us can implement to reduce our personal impact on the environment. How willing are Romanians to make these changes? Reducing electricity and heating consumption is among the solutions with the highest number of "followers".

35% are very much willing to change their daily diet to help fight climate change, while 48% - only to a certain extent. 6% are not at all willing to do so.

46% of respondents are very much willing to reduce their electricity consumption to contribute to the fight against climate change, while 41% - to some extent. 3% are not at all willing to do so.

39% of respondents are very much willing to reduce their heat consumption (to reduce the temperature in the house by 1-2 degrees in the cold season, for example) to help fight climate change, and 42% - to some extent. 6% are not at all willing to do so.

Also, 39% are very much willing to take active measures to reduce their water consumption to contribute to the fight against climate change, while 43% are somewhat willing to do so. 6% are not at all willing to implement such actions.

On home protection

The need for information - about the costs as well as the benefits of an insurance policy, for example, and about the mechanisms of how these financial products work - is visible in the answers to the questions on why a significant proportion of respondents did not opt for the financial protection offered by such products.

For example, when asked why they only took out a compulsory home insurance policy and not an facultative policy, almost half (49%) said that they did not have a sufficient budget for facultative insurance. On the other hand, for those respondents who have not taken out home insurance at all, the majority - 67% - also say they do not have a sufficient budget for it (even though, in terms of costs, the price of a compulsory insurance is as much as 8.33 lei per month).

Furthermore, 8% of respondents "who have not taken out home insurance at all" cite a lack of trust in the system as a reason, and 3% do not consider a home insurance policy useful to them - both of which point to a need for information about the role of these products.

64% of respondents say that they look carefully at their home insurance policy to see what risks are covered and what risks are excluded. The rest do not do so either because they cannot change anything (27%) or because they are not interested (9%).

Sample

3,231 respondents took part in the online survey between 1 - 31 October this year, 59% of whom were women. 24% of the participants live in their own home and 70% live in urban areas. Most respondents are between 18 and 55 years old: 35 - 45 years old - 28.78%; 26 - 34 years old - 24.33%; 18 - 25 years old - 17.61%; 46 - 55 years old - 17.39%. About 23% of the survey participants have only compulsory insurance, while 24% have both compulsory and voluntary insurance.

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